Xi an

Xi'an, formerly known as Changan and pick Jing, is the core city of Shaanxi provincial capital, vice provincial city, Guanzhong plain city group and the central city of Western China, and the important scientific research, education and industrial base [1-2] of the country. Xi'an is one of the four largest ancient capitals of China, [3], the "world history city" [1], which was identified by the United Nations science and education organization in 1981, and one of the ten largest ancient capital of the world, named [4]. Located in the middle of Guanzhong Plain, north to Weihe, South to Qinling Mountains, and eight water to run Changan. It has jurisdiction over 11 districts and 2 counties, and manages the Xixian new area, with a total area of 10752 square kilometers. At the end of 2017, the resident population was 12 million, of which the household register population was 9 million 56 thousand and 800 [5-8].

From ancient emperors in Changan, there were 13 dynasties in the west, Qin, Western Han, new Mang, Eastern Han, West Jin, former Zhao, Former Qin, later Qin, Western Wei, Northern Zhou, Sui and Tang Dynasty. It is an important birthplace of Chinese civilization and the Chinese nation, and the starting point of the silk road is [9]. FengHao capital, Qin al Fang palace, Terracotta Army, Han Weiyang Palace, Changle palace, Sui Daxing City, Tang Daming Palace, Xingqing palace and so on outline the "Changan complex" [10].

Xi'an is one of the best tourist destinations in China and one of the best cities in China, [11-12]. There are two six heritage sites listed in the world heritage list, which are Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor and Terracotta Army, big wild goose pagoda, small wild goose pagoda, Daming Palace site of Tang Changan City, Weiyang Palace remains of Han Changan City, and hinteshetta pagoda. [13] also has other attractions such as Xi'an city wall, Bell Tower and Drum Tower, Huaqing Hot Spring, Zhongnanshan, Datang Furong garden, Shaanxi History Museum, stele forest and so on. Xi'an is also a national important science and education center, with the Xi'an Jiao Tong University, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an Electronic and Science University and other 7 "two - class" construction of University [14].

In February 2018, the national development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of housing and urban and Rural Construction issued the "Guanzhong Plain Urban Agglomeration Development Plan" to support Xi'an to build the National Central City, the international comprehensive transportation hub and the international metropolis [2] [15-16] with historical and cultural characteristics.

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2018-04-27 16:50


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